The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (Illustrated) Info
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/ˌrɒbɪnsən ˈkruːsoʊ/ is a
novel by Daniel Defoe that was first published in 1719. Epistolary,
confessional, and didactic in form, the book is a fictional
autobiography of the title character—a castaway who spends 28
years on a remote tropical island near Trinidad, encountering cannibals,
captives, and mutineers before being rescued.
The story was
perhaps influenced by Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish castaway who lived
for four years on the Pacific island called "Más a
Tierra" (in 1966 its name was changed to Robinson Crusoe Island),
Chile. The details of Crusoe's island were probably based on the
Caribbean island of Tobago, since that island lies a short distance
north of the Venezuelan coast near the mouth of the Orinoco river, in
sight of Trinidad. It is also likely that Defoe was inspired by the
Latin or English translations of Ibn Tufail's Hayy ibn Yaqdhan, an
earlier novel also set on a desert island. Another source for Defoe's
novel may have been Robert Knox's account of his abduction by the King
of Ceylon in 1659 in "An Historical Account of the Island
Ceylon," Glasgow: James MacLehose and Sons (Publishers to the
University), 1911. Although inspired by a real life event, it was the
first notable work of literature where the story was independent of
mythology, history, legends, or previous literature.